Skip to main page content (AccessKey S)
1356: Although Edward Balliol has been in possession of large parts of the south of Scotland since Neville's Cross, he realises his lack of general support and sells the Balliol claim to the Scottish throne to Edward III of England for a pension.
October 1357: David II is released in return for a ransom of £65,000. He returns to a country heavily under the influence of Robert Stewart, who has been acting as "King's Lieutenant" for eleven years.
23 February 1371: David II dies at Edinburgh Castle. He is succeeded by his nephew, Robert Stewart who becomes King Robert II, and the founder of the Stewart dynasty that is to rule Scotland for most of the next three hundred years. Robert II is the grandson of Robert the Bruce by his daughter Marjory.
August 1388: The Earl of Carrick leads the Scots into Cumberland and Northumberland. This culminates with the Battle of Otterburn, a victory for the Scots but with the loss of their battlefield commander James, Earl of Douglas, the Earl of Carrick's most powerful ally in southern Scotland.
April 1390: Robert II dies, and is succeeded by his eldest son John, Earl of Carrick. He becomes, confusingly, King Robert III because the Scots feel John is an unlucky name for a King: and because for him to become John II would acknowledge John Balliol as John I, and so revive a claim to the throne that had been sold to Edward III of England in 1356.
17 June 1390: Alexander Stewart, youngest son of Robert II and younger brother of John, Earl of Carrick (now Robert III) and Robert, Earl of Fife destroys Elgin Cathedral in reprisal against Bishop Alexander Bur. He is better remembered as the "Wolf of Badenoch".
September 1396: In an effort to halt one of the many clan feuds dividing the Highlands, Robert III arranged a fight to the death between 30 warriors from each of the Clans Kay and Chattan on the edge of Perth in front of spectators. 11 Clan Chattan emerge alive and one man of Clan Kay escapes by swimming the River Tay. This is later called the Battle of the Inch.
1398: Henry Sinclair, 1st Earl of Orkney is believed to made his voyage of discovery to North America.